If you are a person who has higher annual earnings, the Income-Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (or IRMAA) is an additional amount that you pay for your monthly Medicare Part D prescription drug plan premiums and your monthly Medicare Part B (out-patient or doctor visit coverage) premiums.
So IRMAA is an additional amount added to the monthly Medicare Part B and Part D premiums for
individuals whose modified adjusted gross income (or MAGI) exceeds certain
threshold amounts that can change each year. As noted by CMS:
"Under §1839(i)(5) [of the Social Security Act], the dollar amount for the income tiers will be adjusted annually based on the Consumer Price Index. However, in accordance with §3204 of the Affordable Care Act, these income threshold amounts will remain at the 2010 levels for calendar years 2011-2019."
And as noted by the Social Security Administration (SSA):
"If you have higher income, the Medicare law requires an adjustment to your monthly Medicare Part B (out-patient medical insurance) and Medicare prescription drug coverage premiums (Medicare Part D). Higher-income beneficiaries pay higher premiums for Part B and prescription drug coverage. This [additional premium cost] affects less than 5 percent of people with Medicare, so most people do not pay a higher premium."
And as noted by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS):
"Changes in the law affect how Medicare prescription drug coverage premiums are calculated for those with higher incomes. Beginning January 1, 2011, if you have a higher income, you will pay a higher premium for your Medicare prescription drug coverage (Part D). If your income is $85,000 or above (individual) or $170,000 or above (married filing jointly), you must pay an extra premium amount for your Medicare Part B and Medicare prescription drug coverage [Medicare Part D]. This extra premium amount is called the income-related monthly adjustment amount (IRMAA). This amount is based on your modified adjusted gross income as reported on your IRS tax return from 2 years ago (your most recent tax return)."
If you are assessed an IRMAA for Medicare Part D, the Social Security Administration (SSA) will provide you with a written notice that will include:
(1) the amount of your Medicare Part D IRMAA (or PartD-IRMAA);
(2) what information was used by SSA to make the IRMAA determination; and
(3) how to request a review of the your Medicare Part D IRMAA determination.
If you are assessed a Medicare Part D IRMAA, you will pay through premium withholding from your monthly Social Security benefits. If your monthly SSA benefit is not sufficient to pay the your IRMAA (or you do not receiving Social Security benefits, you will receive a bill for your IRMAA from another government office such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) or the Office of Personnel Management (OPM) or the Railroad Retirement Board (RRB).
As noted by CMS:
"By law, income-related monthly adjustment amount (IRMAA) for prescription drug coverage must be withheld from Social Security [SSA], Railroad Retirement Board [RRB], or Office of Personnel Management [OPM] benefit checks unless the monthly payment isn’t enough to cover the entire amount owed. If your check isn’t enough to cover the entire amount, you will get a bill from Medicare."
What law established Medicare Part D IRMAA?
Section 3308 of the Affordable Care Act amended §1860D-13(a)(7) of the Social Security Act and created the Medicare Part D Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount that went into effect January 1, 2011.
As reference, following is a link to our Q1Medicare.com section on the Income-Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (or IRMAA), where you will find articles specific to each plan year: https://Q1News.com/C/16.html
You can click on the following link and send us an email: https://q1medicare.com/Helpdesk.php
Sources includes: Part D-Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount—Frequently
Asked Questions & Answers, from Anthony Culotta, Director Medicare
Enrollment & Appeals Group, December 10, 2010