If you are a Medicare
beneficiary who earns a higher income, you can be assessed both a Medicare Part D and a Medicare Part B Income-Related
Monthly Adjustment Amount (IRMAA
) that must be paid in addition to your Medicare
Part D premium (if you are enrolled in a Medicare prescription drug plan or Medicare Advantage plan that includes drug coverage) and
your Medicare Part B premium.
If you do
not pay your Part D IRMAA, after a 3-month grace period, Medicare will notify your Medicare Part D plan and your Part D plan can “involuntarily" disenroll
you from your Medicare plan - and you can be without prescription drug coverage
for the remainder of the year unless you can use a Special Enrollment Period
to join another Medicare Part D or Medicare Advantage plan - or you can show "good cause
" of why you did not pay your IRMAA on a timely basis.
Also, if you lose your Medicare Part D coverage, you may accumulate a permanent late-enrollment premium penalty
for every month that you are without some form of creditable prescription drug coverage.
The Centers for Medicare and
Medicaid Services (CMS) noted in the Medicare manuals that: "Individuals with Part D-IRMAA [Part D-Income-Related Monthly Adjustment
Amount] must pay this additional [IRMAA] premium directly to the
government, not to their Part D plan sponsor. CMS has established a
3-month initial grace period before individuals who fail to pay their
Part D-IRMAA will be disenrolled from their Part D plan.
Ms. Jones must pay a Part D-IRMAA. CMS bills Ms. Jones
her monthly Part D-IRMAA amount in March, April and May. Ms. Jones does
not pay all the Part D-IRMAA amounts owed by the due date of the May
bill. CMS generates a disenrollment and sends the plan a specific TRC
[Transaction Reply Code] via the daily TRR [Transaction Reply Report].
The effective date of the disenrollment will be June 1.
The Part D sponsor must send each affected individual a written notice
of the disenrollment within ten (10) calendar days of receipt of the TRR
indicating disenrollment for non-payment of the Part D-IRMAA.
If you rejoin a Medicare Part D plan, can you be required to pay past-due IRMAA?Yes
. You can still be required to pay past-due Medicare Part D IRMAA for any unpaid IRMAA you owed when you were enrolled in your Medicare Part D plan. As noted by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS): "If an
individual does not have or no longer has Medicare prescription drug
coverage, they shouldn’t be charged the Part D-IRMAA. However, if
someone didn’t pay the Part D-IRMAA that was owed before disenrolling
from their prescription drug coverage, they are responsible for the past
due amount." [emphasis added]
: Part D-Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount—Frequently Asked Questions & Answers, from Anthony Culotta, Director Medicare Enrollment & Appeals Group, December 10, 2010)
A note on Part D IRMAA and Medicare Advantage plans that include drug coverage (MAPDs)
Medicare Part D IRMAA also applies to Medicare Advantage plans that include prescription drug coverage or MAPDs. Remember, if you are enrolled in an MAPD, you must have Medicare Part B coverage so you will be responsible for both Part B IRMAA and Part D IRMAA. CMS notes in the Medicare manuals that:
"Individuals with Part D-IRMAA must pay this additional premium directly to the government
, not to their plans
CMS has established a 3-month initial grace period before individuals
in an MA plan with Part D coverage (MA-PD) who fail to pay their
assessed Part D-IRMAA will be disenrolled from the MA-PD plan. CMS will
report the disenrollments to the organization via the daily TRR
[Transaction Reply Report] using a specific Transaction Reply Code
(TRC). The effective date of the disenrollment is the first of the month
following the end of the initial grace period. " [emphasis added]
: Medicare Managed Care Manual Chapter 2 - Medicare Advantage Enrollment
and Disenrollment Updated: August 19, 2011 (Revised: November 16, 2011,
August 7, 2012, August 30, 2013, August 14, 2014, July 6, 2015,
September 1, 2015, September 14, 2015, December 30, 2015, May 27, 2016, August 25, 2016 & June 15, 2017))
Reinstatement into your plan for showing "Good Cause" why you did not pay your IRMAA
The CMS Medicare manuals note that: "Individuals involuntarily disenrolled from their Medicare Part D [or Medicare Advantage] plan for failure to pay Part D-IRMAA have the opportunity to ask CMS for reinstatement into the plan from which they were disenrolled. CMS may reinstate enrollment, without interruption of coverage, if the individual demonstrates good cause
and pays in full within three (3) calendar months of the disenrollment effective date:
• The Part D-IRMAA amounts that caused the disenrollment for nonpayment of Part D-IRMAA, and/or
• Any plan premium amounts owed at the time he or she was disenrolled."
" generally means that you can show your failure to make timely IRMAA payments was due to
unique, unusual, or unexpected circumstances over which you had no control and could not
reasonably have been expected to foresee - and such an unusual event most likely will never occur again.
: Section 50.2.6 – Failure to Pay a Part D-Income Related Monthly Adjustment Amount (Part D-IRMAA)), Medicare Prescription Drug Benefit Manual, Chapter 3 - Eligibility, Enrollment and Disenrollment, Updated: August 19, 2011, (Revised: November 16, 2011, August 7, 2012, August 30, 2013, August 30, 2014, July 6, 2015, September 1, 2015, September 14, 2015, December 30, 2015, May 27, 2016, August 25, 2016, June 15, 2017 & July 31, 2018))